美国CFA官方关于土耳其安哥拉猫的品种简介的中文翻译版本和英文原文。 历史 土耳其有许多非常古老的品种，安哥拉猫就是其中之一。它到达欧洲的时间大概是16世纪左右，喂养方面主要是由法国和英国来管理，在长毛品种中，它是最受人们喜爱的。直到波斯猫的出现，首宠的位置就不再是土耳其安哥拉猫了。 土耳其安哥拉猫的最开始名字叫安哥拉猫，它的传统颜色是白色。但是，与东方猫配种后改良出来的品种，也有人称为安哥拉猫，这样就会有些混乱，所以，现在称为土耳其安哥拉猫的就是这个品种的本土猫。 外观 安哥拉猫有非常长的身躯，有非常大的起伏会出现在它的背部上，安哥拉猫有很细的四肢，并且是很高的。它的头部是尖的，看起来有些长。有很大的耳朵位于它的头部上。它的全身长满了长长的毛发，像丝一样的，颜色是褐色、红色、黑色、白色，一般情况下，人们认为安哥拉猫最纯正的颜色是白色的。 特征 土耳安哥拉猫与安哥拉猫相比，前者的头部要更圆一些，也更短一些，从整体的外观来看，和东方猫一点也不像。它有不过于突起的耳朵。毛发是白色的猫，它有不同颜色的眼睛;如果眼睛是蓝颜色的，很有可能会有耳聋的现象。 性格 安哥拉猫有非常灵敏的动作，十分独立、专制的性格，对于人们的爱抚、拥抱，它是十分不喜欢的。安哥拉猫一次可以生有4只小猫，幼崽刚一出生就可以把眼睛睁开，并且是非常可爱、活泼的。安哥拉猫对水是非常喜爱的，这也是最让人们觉得好玩的地方，在小溪或浴池中，它可以很自如的游泳、嬉戏、非常的开心。 CFA官方关于土耳其安哥拉猫的品种简介英文原文： Breed Profile: Turkish Angora One of the most outgoing and affectionate of all cat breeds, the rare and beautiful Turkish Angora has a fascinating history and is considered a national treasure in its native land. Many Turkish Angora owners in the United Stated consider their cats a treasure as well! Turks are not only intelligent, but extremely adaptable, loving and playful, which makes them an excellent choice for families with young children, and lively companions for senior adults. They readily accept dogs and other animals, but their assertive natures often make them the pha?pet in the household. Elegant, finely-boned creatures, Turkish Angoras are graceful, energetic and usually the first to welcome visitors into your home. It is also not unusual for a pet Turk to act as the ost?at a party or other gathering, inspecting and interacting with every guest. It is no wonder that they are often considered og-like!? The Turkish Angora soft, silky coat rarely mats and requires only minimal grooming. Most breeders recommend combing once or twice a week with a fine-toothed comb or slicker brush to remove excess hair and keep the coat looking and feeling its best. Like all long-haired breeds, they lose some coat during the summer months, when more frequent combing may be needed to prevent hairballs. Most likely, the breed originated in the mountainous regions of Turkey, where it developed an unusually soft, medium-long coat for protection against the harsh winters. Possibly it evolved from the Manul cat, a small feline domesticated by the Tartars. This pure, natural breed can trace its written history as far back as 16th-century France. However, in the early 1900s, it was used indiscriminately in Persian breeding programs and virtually disappeared as a separate breed. For many years, all longhaired cats were referred to simply as ngoras.? Fortunately for cat lovers, controlled breeding programs had been set up in Turkey to preserve this living treasure. There, in the 1950s, at the Ankara Zoo, the Turkish Angora was discovered by American servicemen and re-introduced to the cat fancy. All Turkish Angoras registered by CFA must be able to trace their ancestry back to Turkey. Although the first import on record arrived in the U.S. in 1954, it was not until the mid-1960s that the breed became numerous enough to seek recognition from CFA. White Turkish Angoras were accepted for registration in 1968, for Provisional Breed competition in 1970, and for Champion-ship competition in 1972. The first CFA grand champion, GC NoRuz Kristal of Azima, came in 1976. However, it took another two years before colored Turkish Angoras were permitted to compete in Championship with their all-white siblings. While whites are still very popular today, Turkish Angora breeders have focused increasingly on colored cats. More and more people are realizing how lovely these lithe, elegant creatures look in other colors. At a CFA show today you might see these cats in other solid colors, such as black, blue, red and cream; in tortoiseshell or blue-cream; in classic, mackerel and spotted tabbies of many colors; and bi-colored cats in any of these colors with white. In recent years, many breeders have begun working with smoke and shaded colors as well. Any shade and pattern, except those that denote hybridization (such as lavender, chocolate or the pointed pattern) is accepted for CFA registration. Pricing on Turkish Angoras usually depends on type, applicable markings and bloodlines distinguished by Grand Champion (GC), National, National Breed and/or Regional winning parentage (NW, BW, RW) or of Distinguished Merit parentage (DM). The DM title is achieved by the dam (mother) having produced five CFA grand champion/premier (alter) or DM offspring, or sire (father) having produced fifteen CFA grand champion/premier or DM offspring. Usually breeders make kittens available between twelve and sixteen weeks of age. After twelve weeks, kittens have had their basic inoculations and developed the physical and social stability needed for a new environment, showing, or being transported by air. Keeping such a rare treasure indoors, neutering or spaying and providing acceptable surfaces (e.g. scratching posts) for the natural behavior of scratching (CFA disapproves of declawing or tendonectomy surgery) are essential elements for maintaining a healthy, long and joyful life. Colors: a wide array of colors in the solid, shaded, smoke, tabby, bi-color and parti-color patterns. There are CFA clubs devoted to the promotion, protection and preservation of the Turkish Angora breed. For more information, please send inquiries to CFA, PO Box 1005, Manasquan NJ 08736-0805.